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اهم الاوامر في لينكس

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  • اهم الاوامر في لينكس

    السلام عليكم

    اليوم اناء التجوال في الانترنت اعجبني هذا الموضوع وهو عباره عن اهم الاوامر في اللينكس في الترمنال طبعا

    shutdown -h now - Shutdown the system now and do not reboot.

    halt - Stop all processes - same as above.

    shutdown -r 5 - Shutdown the system in 5 minutes and reboot.

    shutdown -r now - Shutdown the system now and reboot.

    reboot - Stop all processes and then reboot - as above.

    startx - Start the X system.

    Accessing & mounting file systems

    mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom - Mount the device cdrom and call it cdrom under the /mnt directory.

    mount -t msdos /dev/hdd /mnt/ddrive - Mount hard disk “d” as a msdos file system and call it ddrive under the /mnt directory.

    mount -t vfat /dev/hda1 /mnt/cdrive - Mount hard disk “a” as a VFAT file system and call it cdrive under the /mnt directory.

    umount /mnt/cdrom - Unmount the cdrom

    Finding files and text within files

    find / -name fname - Starting with the root directory, look for the file called fname.

    find / -name ”*fname*” - Starting with the root directory, look for the file containing the string fname

    locate missingfilename - Find a file called missingfilename using the locate command - this assumes you have already used the command updatedb (see next).

    updatedb - Create or update the database of files on all file systems attached to the linux root directory.

    which missingfilename - Show the subdirectory containing the executable file called missingfilename.

    grep textstringtofind - Starting with the directory called dir, /dir look for and list all files containing textstringtofind.

    Moving, copying, deleting & viewing files

    ls -l - List files in current directory using long format.

    ls -F - List files in current directory and indicate the file type.

    ls -laC - List all files in current directory in long format and display in columns.

    rm name - Remove a file or directory called name.

    rm -rf name - Kill off an entire directory and all that includes files and subdirectories.

    cp filename /home/dirname - Copy the file called filename to the /home/dirname directory.

    mv filename /home/dirname - Move the file called filename to the /home/dirname directory.

    cat filetoview - Display the file called filetoview.

    man -k keyword - Display man pages containing keyword.

    more filetoview - Display the file called filetoview one page at a time, proceed to next page using the spacebar.

    head filetoview - Display the first 10 lines of the file called filetoview.

    head -20 filetoview - Display the first 20 lines of the file called filetoview.

    tail filetoview - Display the last 10 lines of the file called filetoview.

    tail -20 filetoview - Display the last 20 lines of the file called filetoview.

    Installing software for Linux

    rpm -ihv name.rpm - Install the rpm package called name.

    rpm -Uhv name.rpm - Upgrade the rpm package called name.

    rpm -e package - Delete the rpm package called package.

    rpm -l package - List the files in the package called package.

    rpm -ql package - List the files and state the installed version of the package called package.

    rpm -i --force package - Reinstall the rpm package called package having deleted parts of it (not deleting using rpm -e).

    tar -zxvf archive.tar.gz or tar -zxvf archive.tgz - Decompress the files contained in the zipped and tarred archive called archive

    ./configure - Execute the script preparing the installed files for compiling.

    User Administration

    adduser accountname - Create a new user call accountname.

    passwd accountname - Give accountname a new password.

    su - Log in as superuser from current login.

    exit - Stop being superuser and revert to normal user.
    ما زلنا نحاول :computer_man:

  • #2
    شكرا لك اخى الفاضل
    بارك الله فيك
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